technical textiles

What are Technical Textiles?

  • Technical textiles are functional fabrics that have applications across various industries including automobiles, civil engineering and construction, agriculture, healthcare, industrial safety, personal protection etc.
  • Based on usage, there are 12 technical-textile segments; Agrotech, Meditech, Buildtech, Mobiltech, Clothtech, Oekotech, Geotech, Packtech, Hometech, Protech, Indutech and Sportech.
  • Use of these textiles have benefits of increased productivity in agriculture, horticulture and aquaculture fields, better protection of military, para-military, police and security forces, stronger and sturdier transportation infrastructure for highways, railways, ports and airports and in improving hygiene and healthcare of general public. In India, technical -textiles hold immense growth opportunities both for the industry as well as across various applications.

technical textiles

National Technical Textiles Mission

The Government has announced a National Technical Textiles Mission at an estimated outlay of 1,480 crore that can help the industry take advantage of the growing demand in the domestic market and reverse the trend of increasing imports.

  • It aims to position the country as a global leader in these textiles and increase the use of technical- textiles in the domestic market.
    • The Mission will aim at taking domestic market size to $40 billion to $50 billion by 2024.
  • A Mission Directorate will be operational in the Ministry of Textiles.
  • It will be implemented for four years starting from 2020-2021 and will have four components-
    • First component: It will focus on research, development and innovation with an outlay of ₹1,000 crores.
    • Second component: It will be for the promotion and development of the market for these textiles.
    • Third component: It will focus on export promotion so that technical textile exports from the country reach from the ₹14,000 crores to ₹20,000 crores by 2021-2022 and ensure 10% average growth every year till the Mission ends.
      • An export promotion council for these textiles will be set up.
    • Fourth component: It will focus on education, training and skill development.
      • The Mission will promote technical education at higher engineering and technology levels related to these textiles and its application areas.

Important Topics for Prelims 2020

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