Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 was launched with a focus on children and pregnant women who missed their vaccine doses during the COVID-19 pandemic.
What is Indradhanush?
To strengthen and re-energize the programme to achieve full immunization coverage for all children and pregnant women at a rapid pace, the Government of India launched “Mission Indradhanush” in December 2014.
- The scheme was launched in 2014 to provide affordable and accessible healthcare to all citizens of the country.
- It aimed to immunise all children under the age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against eight vaccine-preventable diseases.
- These diseases are diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B.
Earlier the increase in full immunization coverage was 1% per year which has increased to 6.7% per year through the first two phases of Mission Indradhanush.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 with a focus on children and pregnant women who missed their vaccine doses during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Every year, the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) caters to the vaccination needs of 2.65 crore children and 2.9 crore pregnant women against 12 vaccine preventable diseases. Despite these efforts by all the states and Union territories, some children and pregnant women get missed out from this network,
It will have two rounds this year which will be conducted in 250 pre-identified districts/urban areasacross 29 States/UTs.
The districts have been classified to reflect 313 low risk, 152 medium risk and 250 high risk districts.
Beneficiaries from migration areas and remote areas would be targeted as they may have missed their vaccine doses during the pandemic.
MI 3.0 will have two rounds starting from February 22 and March 22 and will be conducted in 250 pre-identified districts and urban areas across 29 states and Union territories.
Mission Indradhanush aims to reach out to every dropped out and left out child and pregnant woman.
Universal Immunisation Program:
Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as ‘Expanded Programme of Immunization’ (EPI) by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. In 1985, the programme was modified as ‘Universal Immunization Programme’ (UIP) to be implemented in phased manner to cover all districts in the country by 1989-90 with the one of largest health programme in the world.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India provides several vaccines to infants, children and pregnant women through the Universal Immunisation Programme.
Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines are substances that stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
Vaccines provided under UIP:
- About-BCG stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine. It is given to infants to protect them from tubercular meningitis and disseminated TB.
- About-OPV stands for Oral Polio Vaccine. It protects children from poliomylitis.
3.Hepatitis B vaccine
- About – Hepatitis B vaccine protects from Hepatitis B virus infection.
- About-Pentavalent vaccine is a combined vaccine to protect children from five diseases Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertusis, Haemophilis influenza type b infection and Hepatitis B.
- About -RVV stands for Rotavirus vaccine. It gives protection to infants and children against rotavirus diarrhoea. It is given in select states.
- About- PCV stands for Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine. It protects infants and young children against disease caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- About– fIPV stands for Fractional Inactivated Poliomylitis Vaccine. It is used to boost the protection against poliomylitis.
8.Measles/ MR vaccine
- About-Measles vaccine is used to protect children from measles. In few states Measles and Rubella a combined vaccine is given to protect from Measles and Rubella infection.
- About- JE stands for Japanese encephalitis vaccine. It gives protection against Japanese Encephalitis disease. JE vaccine is given in select districts endemic for JE after the campaign.
- About-DPT is a combined vaccine; it protects children from Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis.
11.Tetanus and adult diphtheria (Td) vaccine:
- About-TT vaccine has been replaced with Td vaccine in UIP to limit the waning immunity against diphtheria in older age groups.