General Studies Paper 1 for IAS Mains

General Studies 1 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Civil Services Mains

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars,
  • redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism,
  • capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  •  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and
  • developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);
  • factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in
  • various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,
  • geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Reference Books for General Studies Paper 1

The basic book-list recommended by many toppers is provided in the link IAS Books for UPSC Mains.

  1. The Wonder That Was India – A.L. Bhasham. (Culture)
  2. India’s Ancient Past – R.S. Sharma. (Culture)
  3. Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania. (Culture)
  4. History Of Modern India – Bipan Chandra. (History)
  5. India’s Struggle For Independence – Bipan Chandra. (History)
  6. India After Gandhi – Ramchandra Guha (History – GS1)
  7. Norman Lowe OR History of Modern World – Jain and Mathur (World History – GS1)
  8. Social Problems In India – Ram Ahuja. (Indian Society – GS1)
  9. Geography of India – Majid Husain. (Geography)
  10. Oxford School Atlas – Oxford. (Geography)
  11. Certificate Physical and Human Geography – Goh Cheng Leong. (Geography)
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