General Studies Paper 4 For IAS Mains


  • • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions;
    dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the
    lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and
    educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and
    political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
    • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship,
    objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
    • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
    • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
    • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns
    and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as
    sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral
    values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
    • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
    Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of
    Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds,
    challenges of corruption.
    • Case Studies on above issues.

Reference Books for General Studies Paper 4 


  1. Lexicon for Ethics by Chronicle.
  2. Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Nanda Kishore and Santhosh Ajmera.
  3. Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by by M Karthikeyan
  4. Mains General Studies Paper 4 Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Arihant Experts.
  5. 4rth Report of 2nd ARC.
  6. Probity in Governance – Law Ministry.
  7. Corporate Governance – Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
  8. Emotional Intelligence in Bureaucracies.


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