General Studies Paper 3 for IAS MAINS


  • • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
    • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
    • Government Budgeting.
    • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and
    irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related
    constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
    • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution
    System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;
    Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
    • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and
    downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    • Land reforms in India.
    • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial
    • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
    • Investment models.
    • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
    • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new
    • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and
    issues relating to intellectual property rights.
    • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
    • Disaster and disaster management.
    • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
    • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
    • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
    • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with
    • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Books for General Studies Paper 3 


  1. NCERT Class X – Understanding Economic Development, NCERT Class XI – Indian Economic Development (All Chapters 1 to 10) and NCERT Class XII – Macroeconomics, NCERT Class VIII Geography text, Resources and Development.
  2. A book like Science &Technology for Civil Services Examinations by A.K. Singh.
  3. Science and Technology in India (Spectrum).
  4. Security Management: UPSC Civil Services Main Examination by Shamna Hussain.
  5. India’s National Security: A Reader. (Internal Security – GS3)
  6. Challenges to Internal Security of India. (Internal Security – GS3)
  7. Biodiversity, Environment and Disaster Management: UPSC Civil Services Main Examination by Shamna Hussain
  8. Newspapers like The Hindu Business Line, Business Standard or Economic Times.
  9. Five Year Plan from Planning Commission Website : http://planningcommission.nic.in.
  10. Budget from http://indiabudget.nic.in/.
  11. Economic Survey. (Economy)
  12. Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure – Rajagopalan. (Environment)
  13. Environment for Civil Services Prelims and Mains – Khuller. (Environment)
  14. India Year Book (Current Affairs)
  15. ‘State of India Agriculture’ reports on http://agricoop.nic.in.
  16. Union Ministries of Water Resources (http://wrmin.nic.in).
  17. Union Ministry of Power (http://powermin.nic.in).
  18. Ministry of Science and Technology.
  19. Food Security Aspects : http://www.nfsm.gov.in.
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